Removal Commemoration

Meehkweelintamankwi Aanchsahaaciki

‘Remembering Our Forced Removal’

October 2021 will mark 175 years since this momentous and tragic event began on October 6, 1846. The 1846 removal took nearly a month to complete, but the impacts of removal continue to be felt by all Myaamiaki no matter where we live today. Meehkweelintamankwi Aanchsahaaciki ‘Remembering Our Forced Removal’, a year of remembrance and commemoration, will begin during our Winter Gathering at Home event (February 12-13, 2021) and will continue with monthly activities through February 2022.

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 26, 1846

Eel River Band

Content Warning: This post discusses specific names of Myaamia people impacted by Removal. It is possible that you may have a personal connection with some of those individuals. If you find yourself in need of psychological services, I strongly encourage you to reach out to a clinical provider in your…

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 25, 1846

Myaamiaki Who Fled Removal

Content Warning: This post discusses specific names of Myaamia people impacted by Removal. It is possible that you may have a personal connection with some of those individuals. If you find yourself in need of psychological services, I strongly encourage you to reach out to a clinical provider in your…

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 23, 1846

Removal List

Content Warning: This post discusses specific names of Myaamia people impacted by Removal. It is possible that you may have a personal connection with some of those individuals. If you find yourself in need of psychological services, I strongly encourage you to reach out to a clinical provider in your…

Removal – Day 18

October 23, 1846 Leaving Bloody Island Content Warning: This post discusses the death of a child and an adult After Myaamiaki had spent three days on Bloody Island, mourning their dead – the Waawiyaasita infant and the elder man named Ottawa, the Removal contractors procured the steamboat Clermont No. 2…

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 20-22, 1846

Removal – Day 17

October 22, 1846 Bloody Island Myaamiaki were still on Bloody Island another day. What were they doing today? Most likely, they were mourning, sitting, and waiting. In the next installment, to be posted on October 23, we will discover how Myaamiaki are taken from Bloody Island. Post written by Diane…

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 20-22, 1846

Removal – Day 16

October 21, 1846 Bloody Island Myaamiaki were still on Bloody Island this day. The next leg of their journey was on the Peekamiiki Siipiiwi ‘Missouri River,’ which would take them to the eastern border of the Indian Territory west of Missouri. This river is very shallow and known for its…

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 20-22, 1846

Removal – Day 15

October 20, 1846 Bloody Island Content Warning: This post discusses the death of a child and an adult. Two days after the death of the infant from Waawiyaasita’s band, a Myaamia elder, a man named Ottawa, also died. Later that same day, the steamboat Colorado arrived outside of St. Louis….

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 18, 1846

Removal – Day 13

October 18, 1846 The First Death Content Warning: This post discusses the death of a child. Despite Removal Agent Joseph Sinclair’s earlier report that those who had been sick were recovering, today on the Mihsi-Siipiiwi ‘Mississippi River,’ Myaamiaki aboard the steamboat Colorado experienced the first death of the journey, a…

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 14, 1846

Removal – Day 9

October 14, 1846 The Kaanseenseepiiwi ‘Ohio River’ On the third day of the journey on the Ohio River, Myaamiaki on the steamboat Colorado passed what has come to be known as Angel Mounds, a group of structures built from soil. Angel Mounds was built and occupied by people of the…

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 13, 1846

Removal – Day 8

October 13, 1846The Kaanseenseepiiwi ‘Ohio River Yesterday, the steamboat Colorado departed Cincinnati with more than 300 Myaamiaki, the Removal Agent, the Removal contractors, traders, and possibly soldiers. Trader William Ewing wrote to Commissioner of Indian Affairs William Medill from Cincinnati that the Miami Nation left Cincinnati yesterday. He noted that…

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 12, 1846

Removal – Day 7

October 12, 1846 Cincinnati, Ohio Content Warning: This post discusses how Myaamia people were discussed by the residents of Cincinnati and the local newspaper. This morning, Myaamiaki disembarked from the canal boats. Many were still sick but probably glad to get off the boats. The Cincinnati newspapers reported that as…

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 11, 1846

Removal – Day 6

October 11, 1846 Arrival in Cincinnati Content Warning: This post discusses specific names of Myaamia people impacted by Removal. It is possible that you may have a personal connection with some of those individuals. During this sixth day on the canal boats, Myaamiaki passed through Middletown and then Hamilton, Ohio….

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 10, 1846

Removal – Day 5

October 10, 1846 Dayton, Ohio Content Warning: This post discusses specific names of Myaamia people impacted by Removal. It is possible that you may have a personal connection with some of those individuals. On this day at 11 a.m., Removal Agent Joseph Sinclair wrote from Dayton, Ohio, “I have just…

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 9, 1846

Removal – Day 4

October 9, 1846 Pinkweewilenionki Content Warning: This post discusses specific names of Myaamia people impacted by Removal. It is possible that you may have a personal connection with some of those individuals. October 9 was the fourth day that Myaamiaki had been on the canal boats, the fifth day for…

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 8, 1846

Removal – Day 3

October 8, 1846 Canal Boats Content Warning: This post discusses conditions on the canal boats during Removal. The Miami Tribe was not the only tribe to be removed by waterway, but an overland removal was more common. The canal to Cincinnati had just been completed the previous year, and the…

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 7, 1846

Removal – Day 2

October 7, 1846 Fort Wayne, Indiana Content Warning: This post discusses specific names of Myaamia people impacted by Removal. It is possible that you may have a personal connection with some of those individuals. For twenty miles or so east of the Pwaawikamisiipi ‘Little Wabash River’ near present-day Huntington, Myaamiaki…

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 6, 1846

Removal – Day 1

October 6, 1846 Peru, Indiana Content Warning: This post discusses specific names of Myaamia people impacted by Removal. It is possible that you may have a personal connection with some of those individuals. “The first emigrating party of Miamis was started from Iihkipihsinonki ‘Peru, Indiana’ on the 6th October 1846.”…

Bird's Eye View of Peru, Indiana circa 1868

Loading the Boats

Content Warning: This post discusses the military presence used to bring Myaamia people to Peru, IN. In the previous blog post, we saw that during the first days of October 1846, Removal contractor Alexis Coquillard and his hired men were capturing Myaamiaki ‘Miami people’ from their homes and taking them…

Bird's Eye View of Peru, Indiana circa 1868

Forced From Our Homes

Content Warning: This post discusses specific names of Myaamia people impacted by Removal. It is possible that you may have a personal connection with some of those individuals. In the previous blog post, we saw that our efforts to delay Removal frustrated the Removal contractors, leading them to threaten us…

Bird's Eye View of Peru, Indiana circa 1868

A Small Military Force, 1846

This audio file is a reading of the post that follows. In the previous blog post, we examined the efforts of the Miami National Council to delay Removal of Myaamiaki to west of the Mihsi-Siipiiwi ‘Mississippi River.’ We also saw that the United States government and the Removal contractors were…

Delaying Removal 1840 to 1846

This audio file is a reading of the post that follows. In past blog posts, we have examined the Treaty of 1840, which called for Myaamiaki to be removed west of the Mihsi-Siipiiwi ‘Mississippi River.’ We have discussed the background for the Miami National Council agreeing to Removal and the…

Exemptions from Removal

This audio file is a reading of the post that follows. In previous blog posts, we have examined the events leading up to the 1840 Myaamia Removal treaty and the circumstances that led the Miami National Council to agree to Removal. We also noted that the 1838 and 1840 treaties…

Painting of Pinšiwa 'J.B. Richardville'

Why did the Miami National Council agree to Removal?

This audio file is a reading of the post that follows. In previous blog posts, we have seen that the Miami National Council, led by Pinšiwa ‘J.B. Richardville,’ was adamantly opposed to Removal, even as they saw other tribes being forced west of the Mihsi-Siipiiwi ‘Mississippi River.’ Their stance on…

Removal – the Treaty of 1840

This audio file is a reading of the post that follows. In the previous entry, we saw that in the Treaty of 1838, Myaamia leaders agreed for the first time to consider a future Removal west. As we look at the Treaty of 1840, we will see how that agreement…

Royce Map of Indiana showing Great Miami Reserve

Treaty of 1838

This audio file is a reading of the post that follows. In the previous post, we saw that after years of refusing to sell additional land, exhausted Myaamia leaders agreed to sign the Treaty of 1834. As soon as we ratified the 1834 Treaty in 1837, the federal government came back…

A portrait of J.B. Richardville by J.O. Lewis

Continuing Pressure to Remove West

This audio file is a reading of the post that follows. Continuing Pressure to Remove West In the previous post, we saw that the United States government started planning our Removal from Indiana even before the passage of the 1830 Indian Removal Act.  In the 1832 negotiations, the U.S. Commissioners…