The Peace of Montreal, 1701

Chichicatallo* stood, an old and venerated Myaamia akima ‘chief,’ in front of hundreds of onlookers. Interpreters listened, and then a babble of languages filled the air as they translated his words into Wyandot and Seneca, Ojibwe and Mohawk. It was August 4, 1701. That was 321 years ago.[1] Days later, Chichicatallo signed the Great Treaty,…

Removal to Indian Territory

In the December 3 blog post, we learned about the 1847 second forced Removal of Myaamiaki from Indiana and the subsequent movements of Myaamia people between Indiana and the Miami Reservation in present-day Kansas. In the November 5 post, we saw that the winter of 1846-1847 was very hard for Myaamiaki, and many died. Still,…

Continued Movement between Indiana and the Miami Reservation

Content Warning: This post discusses specific names of Myaamia families impacted by Removal. It is possible that you may have a personal connection with some of those families. In the November 5 blog post, we saw that Myaamiaki had arrived at the Miami Reservation in what is today eastern Kansas “about one mile west of…

Removal – Day 31

November 5, 1846 Arrival at the Miami Reservation Content Warning: This post discusses the conditions upon arrival at the Miami Reservation and death of Myaamiaki on the journey. In the November 4 blog post, we saw that some Myaamiaki had arrived at the Miami Reservation on Sugar Creek in the Osage River Sub-Agency. Upon arrival,…

Removal – Day 30

November 4, 1846 Sugar Creek Today some Myaamiaki completed the 50-mile journey from the Town of Kansas to the Miami Reservation on Sugar Creek in the Osage River Sub-Agency, one mile west of the military road they had traveled. In the next installment, to be posted on November 5, we will see what these Myaamiaki…

Removal – Day 29

November 3, 1846 The Overland Journey Content Warning: This post discusses the death of Myaamiaki. Myaamiaki continued their journey by horse and wagon toward their new reservation. Today a 16-year-old boy died, bringing the total deaths on this Removal journal to seven. As Myaamiaki traveled south on the military road, they passed the reservations of…

Removal – Day 28

November 2,1846 Beginning the Overland Journey Both Toohpia ‘Francis LaFontaine’ and Removal Agent Joseph Sinclair wrote that this morning Myaamiaki left the Town of Kansas, present-day Kansas City, Missouri, for the new Miami Reservation in what is today eastern Kansas. Even before leaving the Town of Kansas, Toohpia also wrote, “This far the country does…

Removal – Day 27

November 1, 1846 Arrival at Westport Landing On this day, Myaamiaki on the steamboat Clermont No. 2 arrived at the Westport Landing, also known as the Kanza Landing, in the Town of Kansas, now known as Kansas City, Missouri. As sad and sick as Myaamiaki were, they must have been glad to get off the…

Removal – Day 26

October 31, 1846 On the Peekamiiki Siipiiwi ‘Missouri River’ Content Warning: This post discusses the death of Myaamiaki. On October 23, we noted that Myaamiaki had spent the previous days mourning their dead – the Waawiyaasita piloohsa and the elder man named Ottawa. We came to understand that travel by water was not a good…