FAQ’s (Frequently Asked Questions)

Below are a list of questions that we are quite commonly asked via email or during public presentations. Click on any of the questions to be taken to its response. If you’d like to ask a question, you can do so by using the comment feature at the bottom of page or by sending an email to George Ironstrack at ironstgm@MiamiOH.edu.

How do I set up the ILDA Dictionary app?

What does the word Miami mean?

What kinds of clothing did Myaamia (Miami Indian) people wear prior to contact with Europeans?

How has Myaamia (Miami Indian) clothing changed over time?

What kinds of houses did Myaamia (Miami Indian) people build?

Did the Myaamia (Miami Indians) have sub-tribes?

What was the pre-contact population of the Myaamia (Miami Indians)?

How did the Myaamia (Miami Indian) people govern themselves?

How did the Myaamia (Miami Indians) punish crime?

Is there a word, in Myaamia, for the the Mound Builders and or the mounds themselves?

What does Twigh Twee mean and why is it sometimes used to refer to the Myaamia (Miami Indians)?

Was “Aquenackwe” Little Turtle’s Father?

Questions about SALT: A Story of Friendship in a Time of War 

6 Comments Add yours

  1. Lee Allen, ARIZONA FREELANCE, AZfreelance@aol.com says:


    I am a reporter for Indian Country Today, trying to gather information about your tribe’s affiliation with sandhill cranes. I believe, like Hindus and cows, there was reverence for the giant birds. I also believe, like the bison, that while being respected and honored, they may still have been hunted as food for survival. My question is: Did tribal members hunt sandhill cranes to eat?
    Thank you.

    1. aya Lee,

      Thank you for taking a minute to visit our site. I read ICT regularly and I learn a lot from the broad perspectives conveyed through the reporting. Regarding cecaahkwa (Sandhill Crane), yes your assumption is correct. There were very few animals on the Myaamia “do not eat list” and cecaahkwa (Sandhill Crane) wasn’t on it. The only exception that jumps to mind is perhaps that those who came from a cecaahkwa clan or a related sub-clan might not have eaten this bird. However, our clan system ceased to function in the mid-1800s due to population collapse, so this kind of knowledge wasn’t recorded. You’re also correct that cecaahkwa continue to be held in high regard by Myaamia people. If you need further historic or contemporary examples of this I can provide them to you with more depth and references. Just let me know.

      kikwehsitoole (respectfully),


  2. Mr. Thalla T. Rothach says:

    I’ve read Indian Villages of the Illinois Country and noticed that all the names of historical tribal members are either in English, French, or a garbled English or French pronunciation. As part of language revitalization, is there any work being done to restore these names to their original form?

    1. aya Mr. Rothach, the Myaamia Center and the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma have done a lot of work with our traditional names and some of that work has been untangling the garbled names in the historical record. However, as a general rule we keep our traditional names private and don’t publish them in the public realm. The exception to this rule are well-known Myaamia leaders like Tahkamwa (often Takamwa) and Mihšihkinaahkwa (often Michikinikwa or the Little Turtle). The public confusion caused by the many erroneous interpretations of their names has an impact on our own commmunity, and so we are forced publicly address the pronunciation and meanings behind their names.

      neewe for your question,


  3. Kimberly Cole says:

    Hello. Have you considered DNA testing with known ancestors to try and determine family lines?

    1. moohci ‘no’ we haven’t. We know our family lines quite well because families maintained ties to each other despite the forces of war, removal, and fragmentation. In addition, our families are heavily documented due to the processes generated by treaties, payments, and allotment. Dr. Kim Tallbear has written extensively about the risks inherent in associating tribal citizenship with DNA, and an early summary of her conclusions can be found here, but I also encourage those interested in learning more to read her 2013 book – Native American DNA: Tribal Belonging and the False Promise of Genetic Science, University of Minnesota Press.

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