Removal – Day 16

October 21, 1846 Bloody Island

Photo of the park in Illinois that was formerly Bloody Island
Today, Bloody Island is a part of the Illinois shoreline of the Mihsi-Siipiiwi ‘Mississippi River.’ Where this photo was taken in Malcolm W. Martin Memorial Park marks the approximate middle of Bloody Island. Photo courtesy of John Bickers.

Myaamiaki were still on Bloody Island this day. The next leg of their journey was on the Peekamiiki Siipiiwi ‘Missouri River,’ which would take them to the eastern border of the Indian Territory west of Missouri. This river is very shallow and known for its many shipwrecks. The steamboat Colorado, which was large enough for the Kaanseenseepiiwi ‘Ohio River’ and the Mihsi-Siipiiwi ‘Mississippi River,’ was far too big to navigate the Peekamiiki Siipiiwi. Not having made prior arrangements for a steamboat that could take them on the Peekamiiki Siipiiwi, the Removal contractors found it “very difficult to procure a Steam Boat to make the trip.” Removal Agent Joseph Sinclair reported, “They will make an effort to engage one during the day at some price. Should they be unsuccessful the trip will be made from this point by Land.” In the October 7 blog post, we saw that Myaamiaki’s horses were being taken overland while they were on the boats. If they had to go by land from this point on, they would not have had their horses and would have had to walk the rest of the journey.

A map highlighting the Myaamia Removal Route from Indiana into Ohio and out to Kansas and Oklahoma that is annotated to mark the progress as of October 20-22, 1846
This map shows the Removal route of the Miami Tribe. The black line identifies the approximate distance traveled by this day. Based on subsequent research, the dates for Miami Land (Sugar Creek) should be November 4-5.
Map by Kristina Fox with annotations by Diane Hunter from George Strack, et al., myaamiaki aancihsaaciki: A Cultural Exploration of the Myaamia Removal Route (Miami, OK: Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, 2011), which was supported by a National Park Service Historic Preservation Grant (#40-09-NA-4047)

In the next installment, to be posted on October 22, we will see that Myaamiaki are still on Bloody Island.

Post written by Diane Hunter, Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma. Diane can be contacted at

One Comment Add yours

  1. stevehinds says:

    Thank you

    On Thu, Oct 21, 2021 at 9:00 AM Aacimotaatiiyankwi wrote:

    > Diane Hunter posted: ” October 21, 1846 Bloody Island Today Bloody Island > is a park in Illinois along the Mihsi-Siipiiwi ‘Mississippi River.” Photo > courtesy of John Bickers. Myaamiaki were still on Bloody Island this day. > The next leg of their journey was on the Peek” >

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