The Second Removal

Content Warning: This post discusses specific names of Myaamia people impacted by Removal. It is possible that you may have a personal connection with some of those individuals.

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In the October 14 blog post, we noted that the Removal contractors had hired a trader named Ezekiel French to find and capture those Myaamiaki who had fled and take them to the new reservation. Although French was unsuccessful in his attempt, in 1847, contractor Alexis Coquillard brought another group of Myaamiaki to the reservation west of the Mississippi. Some of the Myaamiaki on this second Removal were among those who fled. Others were Myaamiaki who were on the October 1846 Removal but returned to Indiana in early 1847. We will learn more about the return to Indiana and this second Removal in the December blog post.

Using letters, records and genealogical information, Myaamia citizen John Bickers compiled the following list of Myaamiaki who were taken on the second Removal. In these lists of Myaamiaki and throughout these blog posts, linguist David Costa has verified that Myaamia names are written with current spellings, whenever possible.

Captured in Kosciousko County

Myaamia NameEnglish NameMarried SUrname(s)
Seven People
Five People
MeehkwaahkonankaCaptain Pigeon
SiipiihkwaJane PigeonDrake
SoowilencihsiaJohn Pigeon
Three People
* This name was poorly recorded, and as a result, we do not know what it means or how to spell it using the modern spelling system.
Names were not recorded for these individuals.

Returned from the Miami Reservation or were allowed to temporarily stay until second Removal

Myaamia NameEnglish NameMarried Surname(s)
Ke-qua-nok-quam-qua*Nancy MazequahLavoncher
MihtekonsehkwaJane MazequahLavoncher
KatakimaankohkwaMary Lasalle-MazequahGodfroy
WaakihšinkaJames Mazequah
Wah-pin-ke-tah*Nancy WildcatLafontaine Mongosa
PeehkaahkosihkwaPolly WildcatMongosa Bruell
KiišikohkwaJosephine WildcatOsandiah
OonseentiaJohn Osandiah
PakankiaJackson Cotesipin
CiinkwiaPeter Cotesipin
ŠowaapinamwaJames Cotesipin
WaapimaankwaWhite Loon
MihtekonsehkwaMary Louisa
PeehkaahkosihkwaLouisa CoesseStitt
MihtekonsehkwaElizabeth CoesseVotra
WaapeehsipanaCharles Benjamin
AwansaapiaDixon Benjamin
WaakihšinkaJames Benjamin
ŠowaapinamwaAntoine Revarre
KiilhsohkwaMargaretOwl Revarre
AwanohkamihkwaMary RevarreTaylor
* This name was poorly recorded, and as a result, we do not know what it means or how to spell it using the modern spelling system.

Additional information about the individuals named in the tables above is available in a Google Spreadsheet for viewing.

The next blog post on October 28 will provide a list of Myaamiaki who were exempt from Removal.

Post written by Diane Hunter, Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma. Diane can be contacted at

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